Glacier and Icefield Mapping - British Columbia - 2019 - Airborne Coastal Observatory

Snow and glacier mapping using the Airborne Coastal Observatory airplane in 2019. Data captured includes high resolution imagery and LiDAR surface models. Missions covered in 2019: 4018 - Mount Waddington 4012 - Place Glacier 4009 - Nordic Glacier 4003 - Columbia Icefield 4020 - Homathko Glacier 4017 - Illecillewaet Glacier 4011 - Klinaklini Glacier 4008 - Yoho Peyto Glaciers 4005 - Zillmer Glacier 4002 - Gilbert Lillooet Glaciers 4019 - Lillooet Glacier 4016 - Stein Glacier 4013 - Bridge Glacier 4010 - Haig Glacier 4007 - Conrad Glacier 4004 - Castle Glacier

Data collection occurred from September - November, 2019.

A full list and map of the data capture locations can be observed in the related resources or contact for more information.

Below is a brief overview of the Airborne Coastal Observatory (ACO) and the type of data collected. For more information on post processing, data quality assurance, software used, and summary of results please contact The ACO is an aerial remote sensing platform used by the Hakai Institute to survey landscapes in detail. A Piper Navajo aircraft carries an array of integrated airborne mapping sensors installed to collect data in concert. The aircraft is operated and maintained by Kisik Aerial Surveys (Delta, BC).

Data products available: Lidar data (LAZ)- classified point cloud – digital surface model – digital terrain model. Image data (TIFF) – 4 band orthophotos – RGB & NIR. Hyperspectral data (not always captured). A detailed project report with the summary of acquisition, processing, and overall hardware / software is available (PDF). Sensors and instrument breakdown: Inertial Navigation System: Manufacturer: Applanix (Canada), IMU Model: POS AV 510 IMAR, GNSS Model: Trimble AV39. Laser sensor: Riegl LMS-Q 780 long-range airborne laser scanner. Point density ranges per project and landscape from 1-12 points per square meter. Aerial cameras: two fully integrated Phaseone Industrial iXU-RS1000 medium format cameras, resolution: 100MP, lens: 50mm f/4.0 Rodenstock. Hyperspectral Sensor: manufacturer: Specim, model: AisaFENIX 384, spectral range: 380 - 2500 nm

Access and Use

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Limitations: Appropriate credit must be given to Hakai Institute and the authors of the dataset.

Data and Resources



Dataset extent

Metadata Reference Date(s) March 01, 2022 (Publication)
March 01, 2022 (Revision)
Data Reference Date(s) August 26, 2019 (Creation)
December 01, 2019 (Publication)
Frequency of Update As Needed

Responsible Party 1
Geospatial Technology Team
Hakai Institute
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Owner
  • Point of Contact
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 2
Airborne Coastal Observatory
Airborne Coastal Observatory - Hakai Institute
  • Author
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Originator
  • Owner
  • Point of Contact
  • Principal Investigator
  • Processor
  • Publisher
  • Editor

Field Value
Ocean Variables Other
Climate Variables Snow
Scope Dataset
Status Completed
Topic Category oceans
Maintenance Note Generated from
Spatial Extent [[[-127.4, 48.85], [-114.4, 48.85], [-114.4, 55.75], [-127.4, 55.75], [-127.4, 48.85]]]
North Bounding Latitude 55.75
South Bounding Latitude 48.85
East Bounding Longitude -114.4
West Bounding Longitude -127.4
Temporal Extent
Vertical Extent
Default Locale English
Included in Data Catalogue
Included in Data Catalogue 1
Hakai Data Catalogue
Science on the Coastal Margin