Juvenile Salmon Migration Dynamics in the Discovery Islands and Johnstone Strait; 2015–2017

In this report, we analyze migration dynamics of sockeye salmon in the Discovery Islands to Johnstone Strait region based on purse seine data collected by the Hakai Institute Juvenile Salmon Program from 2015–2017.

The majority of out-migrating juvenile Fraser River salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) pass northwest through the Strait of Georgia, the Discovery Islands, and Johnstone Strait. The Discovery Islands to Johnstone Strait leg of the migration is a region of poor survival for sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) relative to the Strait of Georgia. High-resolution spatiotemporal measurements of migration timing and abundance of juvenile sockeye salmon and the relative species composition of co-migrating juvenile salmon are needed to understand the factors influencing early marine survival through this region. The peak migration period in the Discovery Islands in which 50 % of sockeye passed through occurred between May 25 and June 4 and in Johnstone Strait between May 30 and June 12. Peak abundance was observed earlier than normal in 2015 and 2016, likely due to anomalously warm winter and spring weather. Sockeye migrated at 2.0 BL•s-1 between the Discovery Islands and Johnstone Strait based on the peak migration date in each region, faster than the 1.1 BL•s-1 observed in the Strait of Georgia. Sockeye abundance was much lower in 2017 compared to 2015 and 2016. Species composition was dominated by sockeye in 2015 and 2016, and by chum (Oncorhynchus keta) in 2017.

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Licence: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Limitations: Appropriate credit must be given to Hakai Institute and the authors of the dataset.

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Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors

Metadata Reference Date(s) November 19, 2021 (Publication)
November 19, 2021 (Revision)
Dataset Reference Date(s) May 01, 2015 (Creation)
February 27, 2018 (Publication)
Frequency of Update As Needed

Responsible Party 1
Name
Brett Johnson
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
brett.johnson@hakai.org
Role
  • Author
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 2
Name
Julian Gan
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Role
Author
Responsible Party 3
Name
Carly Janusson
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Role
Author
Responsible Party 4
Name
Brian Hunt
Affiliation
University of British Columbia
Email
b.hunt@oceans.ubc.ca
Role
Principal Investigator

Field Value
Ocean Variables Other
Scope Dataset
Status On Going
Topic Category oceans
Maintenance Note Generated from https://cioos-siooc.github.io/metadata-entry-form
Spatial Extent { "coordinates": [ [ [ -127.11545814, 49.78433133 ], [ -124.85227454, 49.78433133 ], [ -124.85227454, 50.81587848 ], [ -127.11545814, 50.81587848 ], [ -127.11545814, 49.78433133 ] ] ], "type": "Polygon" }
North Bounding Latitude 50.81587848
South Bounding Latitude 49.78433133
East Bounding Longitude -124.85227454
West Bounding Longitude -127.11545814
Temporal Extent
Begin
2015-05-01
End
2017-05-01
Vertical Extent
Min
0.0
Max
9.0
Default Locale English
Citation identifier
Code
10.21966/C7NA-Z171