100 Islands Research Program Terrestrial Vegetation Data - BC Central Coast - 2015, 2016, 2017

These data were collected as part of the Hakai Institute’s 100 Islands Research Program. The purpose of 100 Islands was to study how marine subsidies, island characteristics, and other drivers affect vegetation communities on islands of the Central Coast. This dataset includes two folders of data – one which includes the raw forms of the data and was used for Owen Fitzpatrick’s MSc thesis analyses (Folder 1), and one that was used by Debora Obrist, Owen Fitzpatrick, and co-authors to evaluate the scale-dependence of marine inputs on island plant communities (Folder 2).

Folder 1: All files in Folder 1 described in Hakai Institute Advanced Metadata Form – 100 Islands Fitzpatrick.

Folder 2: plant-sib-island-analysis-data.csv - Island-level rarefied plant species richness and environmental data for 92 islands. plant-sib-plot-analysis-data.csv - Sampling plot-level plant species richness and environmental data for 1381 plots across 90 islands with complete plot-level environmental data. hmsc-percent-cover-long.csv - Plot-level percent cover by species. hmsc-species-names.csv - Conversion from 4-letter codes into Latin names for species. hmsc-xycoords.csv - File containing key to link wrack data to plot-level species data and XY coordinates to make joint species distribution model spatially explicit. plant-sib-metadata.docx - Complete metadata for all Folder 2 files.

Uses: Islands in a sea of nutrients: testing subsidized island biogeography - Owen Fitzpatrick, MSc thesis: https://dspace.library.uvic.ca/handle/1828/9312 In this thesis, Owen uses the theory of island biogeography as a basis for exploring patterns of diversity on islands. He incorporates the growing recognition that marine and terrestrial food webs are linked by the flow of subsidies, which may alter the productivity of recipient ecosystems. He established a large-scale observational study to test whether marine subsidies alter the relationship between island area and plant species richness, and if the impact of those subsidies is mediated by landscape-scale habitat characteristics such as island area and shoreline slope.

Scale-dependent effects of marine subsidies on island biogeographic patterns of plants - Obrist et al. 2022, Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.9270, code for analyses: https://github.com/debobrist/plant-sib We know that species richness is determined by different mechanisms at different spatial scales, but the role of scale in effects of marine inputs on island biogeography are still unknown. We used this dataset to evaluate the influence of island characteristics and marine inputs (seaweed wrack biomass and marine-derived nitrogen in the soil) on plant species richness at both a local (plot) and regional (island) scale on 92 islands in British Columbia, Canada. We found that the effects of subsidies on species richness depend on the spatial scale of investigation. Although we found no effects of marine subsidies on island levels, we found that plots with more marine-derived nitrogen (δ15N) in the soil hosted fewer species. We found no effect of wrack at either scale. To look at possible mechanisms driving this decrease in diversity, we used a joint species distribution model identify species-level responses to marine subsidies and effects of biotic interactions among species.

Access and Use

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Limitations: Appropriate credit must be given to Hakai Institute and the authors of the dataset.

Data and Resources

Citation

Keywords

Dataset extent

Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors

Metadata Reference Date(s) August 31, 2022 (Publication)
August 31, 2022 (Revision)
Dataset Reference Date(s) February 09, 2020 (Publication)
Frequency of Update As Needed

Responsible Party 1
Name
Fitzpatrick, O.T.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Role
  • Author
  • Originator
  • Owner
  • Point of Contact
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 2
Name
Obrist, D.S.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Principal Investigator
  • Co Author
Responsible Party 3
Name
Nijland, W.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Principal Investigator
  • Co Author
Responsible Party 4
Name
Reshitnyk, L.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Principal Investigator
  • Co Author
Responsible Party 5
Name
Darimont, C.T.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Principal Investigator
  • Co Author
Responsible Party 6
Name
Reynolds, J.D.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Owner
  • Principal Investigator
Responsible Party 7
Name
Starzomski, B.M.
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Principal Investigator
  • Co Author
Responsible Party 8
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Publisher
  • Resource Provider
Responsible Party 9
Name
Technology Hakai, Geospatial
Affiliation
Hakai Institute
Email
data@hakai.org
Role
  • Custodian
  • Distributor
  • Point of Contact
  • Resource Provider
  • Collaborator

Field Value
Ocean Variables Other
Scope Dataset
Status Completed
Topic Category oceans
Maintenance Note Generated from https://cioos-siooc.github.io/metadata-entry-form
Spatial Extent { "coordinates": [ [ [ -128.68650306, 51.39874225 ], [ -127.62082923, 51.39874225 ], [ -127.62082923, 52.13303212 ], [ -128.68650306, 52.13303212 ], [ -128.68650306, 51.39874225 ] ] ], "type": "Polygon" }
North Bounding Latitude 52.13303212
South Bounding Latitude 51.39874225
East Bounding Longitude -127.62082923
West Bounding Longitude -128.68650306
Vertical Extent
Min
0.0
Max
1000.0
Default Locale English
Citation identifier
Code
10.21966/CZ48-D388